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Trade Facilitation and the rise of blockchain technology

Trade facilitation and blockchain technology


Blockchain tech may hold answers to digital resilience issues regarding international trade facilitation. 

Blockchain does not simply relate to bitcoin or cryptocurrency. Bitcoin is just one of many uses of blockchain technology (a key point to understand). Blockchain is a virtual ledger that records transactions between different parties; the transactions can be monetary or non-monetary. Traditionally, a trusted third person kept track of two parties’ transactions. This centralization offers advantages, including increased technical efficiency; however, a third party’s errors might cause delays or corrupted transactions. 

Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous developer of Bitcoin, developed a system in which transactions are openly declared and recorded by every network participant, establishing a decentralized consensus about the history and order of transactions. While a central authority or intermediaries collaborate to validate, facilitate, and finish transactions, the presence of a digital distributed ledger eliminates the need for intermediaries and third parties to record peer-to-peer transactions.

As a distributed digital ledger, Blockchain enables connected devices, or “nodes,” to safely reach consensus over shared data. Any internet-connected electronic device, such as a computer or smartphone, can serve as a blockchain node. Nodes work together to store and add transaction data in a blockchain to the network. As a result, the entire blockchain transaction history is preserved across all participating nodes.

How Blockchain Works

Blockchain is a combination of three leading technologies:

Keys for cryptography.

  • A peer-to-peer network that includes a shared ledger.

  • A computing device is used to store network transactions and records.

Many individuals who are deemed acting authorities use digital signatures, which are integrated into the peer-to-peer network, to approve transactions after mathematical validation has taken place. 

The Power Of Blockchain Solutions

Blockchain use in industrial applications has grown, particularly in the banking, financial services, and insurance (BFSI). Indeed, by 2020, 77% of global financial firms had incorporated blockchain-enabled services into their system and operations.

One application of blockchain technology in this area is the transformation of old payment systems. Many businesses have begun using Bitcoin and other blockchain-related currencies, such as Ethereum and Tether, for overseas remittances to avoid high fees and long processing periods.

Health institutions now have total traceability of the route of vaccinations from source to hospital floor thanks to blockchain technology. As a result, potentially harmful issues such as vaccine counterfeiting can be avoided. Manufacturing has also been impacted by blockchain technology. Manufacturers and suppliers can use blockchain to track components and raw materials throughout the remanufacturing process, ensuring that parts can be traced back to a point of origin in the event of a product recall or failure.

While blockchain technology improves openness in the manufacturing space, its usefulness when combined with other developing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) should not be underestimated. To realize blockchain’s full potential, it may be used with AI tech to analyze the abundance of data generated by the blockchain in real-time, generating end-to-end insights across the whole supply chain. Blockchain tech helps organizations gain better visibility into their supply chains and track assets with unparalleled precision.

Replacing Paper Documents With Paperless Documentation

As we begin to embrace technology and incorporate it into our daily lives, it becomes increasingly important to innovate and adapt regularly.

Important documents have traditionally been printed, filed, and tucked away in piles of records, making it extremely difficult to access and refer to them in the future. As technology advances, we gradually transition from physical files to document digitization.

This seismic move to a paperless world marks a significant turning point in the way we save and access our records. Documentation via the blockchain can help organizations such as law firms and financial institutions conduct business more efficiently, saving time and money and adding an extra degree of protection.

Security And Reliability Of Trade Transactions

As the name suggests, a blockchain is a network of digital blocks holding transaction information. Each block is linked to every block before and after it. This makes tampering with a single record difficult because the hacker has to modify the block containing that record as well as those linked to it to avoid discovery. This may not appear to be much of a deterrent on its own, but the blockchain has some other intrinsic qualities that provide further protection.

Cryptography is used to secure the records on a blockchain. Network participants each have their private keys assigned to transactions and serve as personal digital signatures. If a record is altered, the signature becomes invalid, and the peer network is immediately notified that something has gone wrong. Early warning is critical for averting further damage.

Blockchains are decentralized and spread across peer-to-peer networks that are constantly updated and kept in sync. Blockchains have no single point of failure and cannot be modified by a single computer because they are not stored in a central location. Massive amounts of computer power would be required to access and edit every instance (or at least a 51% majority) of a specific blockchain simultaneously. 

DNeX is a leading service provider in Malaysia’s trade facilitation, IT & eServices and Energy.

Learn more at: https://www.dnex.com.my/


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